Diabetes Specialist

Grace Medical

Alice Amah Ajim, MD

Internal Medicine located in Houston, TX

More than 100 million Americans have diabetes or prediabetes. If you have diabetes or are concerned about the disease, contact Alice Amah Ajim, MD, a patient-focused internist practicing at the Downtown and Southeast offices of Grace Medical in Houston. Dr. Ajim offers customized treatments to control your disease and restore your health. Call Grace Medical or book an appointment online today.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is an increasingly common disease that affects the way your body uses insulin to convert glucose into energy. When your blood sugar levels are continuously elevated, it increases your risk of health problems such as:

  • Neuropathy
  • Foot problems
  • Eye conditions including vision loss
  • Kidney disease
  • Heart disease 
  • Stroke

There are three common types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2, and gestational.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, occurs when your pancreas doesn’t produce insulin. The condition is hereditary and is due to an autoimmune disease that destroys the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas. 

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes usually develops in adulthood, although it’s becoming more prevalent in children and adolescents. Type 2 diabetes develops when your body stops using insulin efficiently. This form of diabetes does have hereditary factors, but your lifestyle also contributes to the disease.

Gestational diabetes

Some women develop gestational diabetes in their second trimester of pregnancy. The placenta produces a hormone that can interfere with the way your body uses insulin. Gestational diabetes usually goes away soon after your baby is born, but it can also increase your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later. 

What are the warning signs of diabetes?

Diabetes can cause a variety of symptoms, including:

  • Increased thirst and hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Slowly healing cuts and bruises
  • Numbness, tingling, or pain in your feet or hands

Type 1 diabetes symptoms usually emerge suddenly. Type 2 diabetes may be asymptomatic in its early stages, with signs only emerging gradually as your disease progresses. 

How is diabetes treated?

At Grace Medical, the providers offer highly customized treatment plans for diabetes. You need to take insulin if you have Type 1 diabetes. However, if you have prediabetes, Type 2 diabetes, or gestational diabetes, you may be able to avoid taking insulin and regulate your blood sugar with lifestyle modifications. 

For example, your doctor can help you adjust your diet to cut out unnecessary sugars, which reduces the burden on your body. Additionally, regular moderate exercise, such as a brisk walk, can help your body convert blood sugar efficiently. 

Both changing your diet and adding exercise to your daily routine will help you lose weight, which reduces another contributing factor to Type 2 diabetes. 

Call Grace Medical today or make an appointment online if you’re looking for expert, customized treatment for diabetes.